A daily summary and commentary of events and factors that affect the global markets, with a particular emphasis on the foreign exchange markets.
Share this story:
Andrew Kositkun Foreign Exchange Head Trader
Yesterday, news reports suggested that the White House was making a push to gain ratification for USMCA as it officially kicked off the 30-day window for approval under the TPA framework. This action, combined with other recent actions, was seen as a sign of improvements in the US-Canada-Mexico trading relationship.
All of that changed on a dime when the markets were whipsawed by President Trump’s announcement that he would impose a 5% tariff on Mexican imports until illegal immigration is “stopped.” The first round of tariffs is set to kick in on June 10 and could increase up to 25% by October in 5% monthly increments should illegal immigration remain unresolved.
Currently, trade between the US and Mexico is covered under the NAFTA 1.0 agreement, which doesn’t allow for tariffs. However, Trump is attempting to claim it as an issue of national security which would allow tariffs through the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), which is normally used to impose Treasury sanctions. Should Trump choose to go this route, the legality of his move in this context can, and most likely will, be challenged. Chuck Grassley, the Republican Senate Finance Committee Chairman, has already said that Trump’s announcement “is a misuse of tariff authority and counter to congressional intent” as trade policy and border security are separate issues.
While all goods could be subject to tariffs, the auto industry is the one most likely hit the hardest. Beyond the immediate impact on USMCA and Mexico, including Mexico’s response should this threat be realized, is the impact on global trade in general. Beyond USMCA, the US is still in trade negotiations with China, Japan, and the EU. In essence, what is the point of striking a trade deal with the US if it can arbitrarily impose punitive tariffs?
Prior to this announcement, the markets were already starting to price in a prolonged standoff. Should the US actually go through with this most recent form of escalation, the possibility of a “deal” with any country falls significantly.
HERE ARE THE KEY NEWS STORIES FROM OVERNIGHT:
Bond yields are falling around the world. Germany’s 10-year bond dropped to as low as -0.209%, the lowest ever. US 10-year yields dropped to as low as 2.1454% and Greek 10-year bonds dropped below 3% for the first time ever.
China appears to be taking further steps to weaponize its rare earths supply chain. According to reports, the Chinese have developed more specific plans with restrictions initially focused on heavy rare earths on which the US is particularly reliant.
Chinese manufacturing PMI data came in weaker than expected at 49.4 versus expectations for 49.9. A sub 50 reading implies economic contraction and further fuels concerns of a global economic slowdown.
US personal income came in better than expected, increasing by 0.5% MoM versus expectations for a 0.3% gain.
German YoY CPI slowed to 1.4% from 2.0%, missing expectations for a 1.6% print.
Japan’s jobless rate came in at 2.4%, meeting expectations.
Want to learn more about international finance, economics, and global events? Sign up for our other Foreign Exchange emails and videos!
Follow City National Bank on social media:
Non-deposit investment products:
Are not FDIC insured,
Are not deposits or other obligations of City National Bank and are not guaranteed by City National Bank, and
Are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal invested.
This report is for general information and education only and was compiled from data and sources believed to be reliable. City National Bank does not warrant that it is accurate or complete. Opinions expressed and estimates or projections given are those of the authors as of the date of the report with no obligation to update or notify of inaccuracy or change. This report is not a recommendation or an offer or solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument discussed. It is not specific investment advice. Financial instruments discussed may not be suitable for the reader. Readers must make independent investment decisions based on their own investment objectives and financial situations. Prices and financial instruments discussed are subject to change without notice. Instruments denominated in a foreign currency are subject to exchange rate and other risks. City National Bank (and its clients or associated persons) may engage in transactions inconsistent with this report and may buy from or sell to clients or others the financial instruments discussed on a principal basis. Past performance is not an indication of future results. This report may not be reproduced, distributed or further published by any person without the written consent of City National Bank. Please cite source when quoting.
Now accepting scholarship apps Celebrating 40 years of service -- A loan to an innovative company -- Affording your dream home -- Mergers and a new branch in Raleigh View this email in your browser Forward to a friend
Here's what this indicator is saying about US stocks right now. ACTIVE INVESTOR WEEKLY EDITION: January 21, 2022 View in a browser FIDELITY VIEWPOINTS ® WEEKLY EDITION: January 21, 2022 Bollinger band stock signal Here's what this indicator is saying about US stocks right now. Read more CHART OF THE WEEK Inflation and corporate consolidation US industries have become