A daily summary and commentary of events and factors that affect the global markets, with a particular emphasis on the foreign exchange markets.
Addition by Subtraction
Share this story:
Andrew Kositkun Foreign Exchange Head Trader
Yesterday, the US Senate passed the USMCA agreement that is now expected to be signed by President Trump sometime next week. With Mexico already approving the agreement and Canada expected to do so once legislators return at the end of this month, the last remaining step will be implementation.
From Mexico’s perspective, the deal is a good thing. However, the benefits of USMCA mainly revolve around preserving the trade benefits of NAFTA rather than any changes from the old agreement. The elimination of trade risk, that spiked since Trump’s election, is a critical factor as 30% of Mexico’s GDP and 83% of total exports are tied to trade with the US and Canada.
Additionally, USMCA provides Mexico protection for its automotive industry. While the new agreement raises the passenger vehicles and light trucks regional content threshold to 75%, it does give a three year transition period. Significantly, USMCA gives tariff exemptions, under any circumstance, to up to 2.6 million passenger vehicles, all light trucks and $108 billion of Mexican auto parts. While this could be a limiting factor in the future, this does provide protection for the immediate given current production levels and growth rates.
USMCA should also help bolster Mexico’s competitiveness through measures that build on NAFTA provisions on corruption and promoting good regulatory practices. Currently, the 2019 Global Competitiveness Report has Mexico ranked as the second most competitive economy in Latin America behind Chile.
However, USMCA does inject some uncertainty into the mix. Unlike NAFTA which had no end date, USMCA will expire in 16 years if it isn’t extended. 6 years in, there will be a panel convened to evaluate an extension that can come at any time before 16 years is up. Admittedly, NAFTA never had a guarantee that all three countries would remain a part of it, but the explicit deadline in USMCA adds an additional source of uncertainty.
HERE ARE THE KEY NEWS STORIES FROM OVERNIGHT:
Phil Hogan, the EU’s new trade chief, completed a three day Washington visit yesterday. While Mr. Hogan expressed a desire to prevent a deterioration in the US-EU relationship, he also categorized President Trump’s tariff threats as short-sighted electioneering and warned Trump about widespread economic damage from protectionism. On a broader level, this visit is a reminder to the markets that trade issues extend beyond China. While the Phase 1 deal eases US-China tensions, the escalation of trade tensions with other partners remain a risk.
U.K. retail sales had a horrible month with headline retail sales printing -0.6% against expectations for a rise of 0.6%. A key market theme has been the dovish turn in BoE commentary that raises the possibility of a cut this month if economic performance doesn’t improve. If anything, data this week has deteriorated and markets have gone from pricing in ~5 bps of cuts last week to ~18 bps of cuts this week.
US housing starts beat expectations, printing 1,608k starts against expectations for 1,380k starts. However, industrial production data disappointed as it fell by 0.3% against expectations for a 0.2% drop.
Chinese GDP data came in on the stronger side with YoY data remaining at 6.0% and QoQ coming in at 1.5%, which was slightly higher than expected. Additionally, industrial production and retail sales both exceeded expectations. However, while GDP growth came within the government’s targeted range, year-over-year growth did drop to its lowest level in nearly 3 decades.
Japanese investment outflow data showed a surge in overseas investment demand. A pick up in outflows was expected as activity dropped during the holiday period, but the magnitude of the increase was unexpected. Over the past decade, weekly investment outflow data only exceeded the levels seen this month twice, in 2016 and 2018. Both of those weeks came during Q3 which is typically a strong time of year for investment outflows. This strong outflow dynamic should continue to provide structural support for USDJPY.
Want to learn more about international finance, economics, and global events? Sign up for our other Foreign Exchange emails and videos!
Follow City National Bank on social media:
Non-deposit investment products:
Are not FDIC insured,
Are not deposits or other obligations of City National Bank and are not guaranteed by City National Bank, and
Are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal invested.
This report is for general information and education only and was compiled from data and sources believed to be reliable. City National Bank does not warrant that it is accurate or complete. Opinions expressed and estimates or projections given are those of the authors as of the date of the report with no obligation to update or notify of inaccuracy or change. This report is not a recommendation or an offer or solicitation to buy or sell any financial instrument discussed. It is not specific investment advice. Financial instruments discussed may not be suitable for the reader. Readers must make independent investment decisions based on their own investment objectives and financial situations. Prices and financial instruments discussed are subject to change without notice. Instruments denominated in a foreign currency are subject to exchange rate and other risks. City National Bank (and its clients or associated persons) may engage in transactions inconsistent with this report and may buy from or sell to clients or others the financial instruments discussed on a principal basis. Past performance is not an indication of future results. This report may not be reproduced, distributed or further published by any person without the written consent of City National Bank. Please cite source when quoting.
Here's what this indicator is saying about US stocks right now. ACTIVE INVESTOR WEEKLY EDITION: January 21, 2022 View in a browser FIDELITY VIEWPOINTS ® WEEKLY EDITION: January 21, 2022 Bollinger band stock signal Here's what this indicator is saying about US stocks right now. Read more CHART OF THE WEEK Inflation and corporate consolidation US industries have become
Learn how to keep all your accounts—not just the ones at Fidelity—secure. November 18, 2021 View in a browser FIDELITY VIEWPOINTS ® WEEKLY EDITION: November 18, 2021 What to do after a data breach Learn how to keep all your accounts—not just the ones at Fidelity—secure. Read more What's ahead for your RMDs Make sure to take your required withdrawals this year, then start to plan ahead.